exposed aggregate concrete steps

Aggregate is the sand and gravel part of the concrete mix. The basic premise of an exposed aggregate concrete is that the brute strength of concrete is combined with the aesthetic appeal of a decorative aggregate and you have, hopefully, the ideal combination of looks, strength, mouldability and relative low production cost. 518-274-1273 Monocrete Steps Inc. makes + installs precast concrete steps, bulkheads, basement entrance ways,iron grill work + railings in the Albany … It is best to let it sit over night and check it in the morning unless you poured it very early, in which case you can check it later that day. You can see in the video that the concrete is still quite pliable. Every large chunk of concrete I've seen done has rebar in it. 1. Now would also be the time to add steel mesh or re-steel, if you have it (for strengthening purposes). You'll have to make a judgement call on this but I was able to seed the pebbles soon after trowelling the concrete smooth. ps. Before you can pour exposed aggregate concrete, you’ll need to build a wooden box to hold the concrete in place. Once you stage the box, hammer stakes into the perimeter to hold it securely in place. See below for definition of 'going off'. Exposed Aggregate Concrete Resurfacing. To create this article, 10 people, some anonymous, worked to edit and improve it over time. Very appealing. The last photo shows the concurrent stages of seeding concrete...empty boxing; fresh concrete; screed concrete; trowelled concrete; seeded concrete; trowelled seeded concrete. Being strong and in good physical shape will help you tremendously. Spray water over surface; brush again. Smooth, stamped or broomed concrete hides the larger pieces of gravel below the surface. When your area is fully prepped, call to order your concrete from a local company. Concrete Steps - Concrete Steps in Plain, Coloured, Stamped & Exposed Aggregate by Broadway Concrete & Landscaping in London Ontario and region. It was about 8 hours on a warm day until I was ready to expose the aggregate. You'll need to leave your path for 28 days or more to cure, but the coating will add luster to your path as well as seeping into the concrete and 'locking in' the pebbles. Colorful gravel gives a unique look to pavement when mixed into concrete. To make a curved shape pad, you must use a more flexible kind of wood. Combine these step stones to create a patio for the entire family to enjoy all year round. Use 2x6s in order to obtain 6 inch thick concrete. They placed expansion joints in driveway every 10’.... which was expected. Find Concrete pavers & stepping stones at Lowe's today. Exposed aggregate concrete has been around since the 20 th century. Compressive Strength (28 Days): 3000 psi. They also work well within other hardscapes, such as leading up to a patio or where a paver path approaches an incline. Setting time will depend on many factors so you'll need to use your judgement, but as a guide the concrete won't stick to your finger when touched, and you can scratch your fingernail into the surface of the cement. The concrete must be poured quickly so you have time to move it into place while it is still wet. Reply as long as the equator of each pebble is submerged in the cement, it should be fine (freeze/thaw pop-out wise) Added bonus, you can still walk on it after freezing rain as the pebbles will break up the ice when you walk on it. It is best to have one person on each side of the screed board and pull back the concrete simultaneously. Pea stone should be exposed evenly throughout the surface. We mixed our own concrete onsite but this method will work with premix concrete that has a normal cure time. I won't go through the specifics of the above steps, but so you know... - box the area. If you cannot perform these two methods for screeding, it is suggested you seek help from a more advanced concrete finisher. Now you can add your own custom look to your patio or pathway with this step stone that features a traditional gray color with an exposed aggregate finish. The exposed aggregate method removes the top fine layer so individual gravel pieces are visible on the surface. The method I will show you doesn't require any special tools other than what you would use when mixing and laying concrete...it doesn't use any surface disruptors or acid, nor does it use a water blaster. Steps 3 & 4 You've never appreciated a footpath like the one you've just finished! If you're concerned about committing to a large project, you may want to do a test run of the method by making some pavers or tiles on a small scale. It depends on the nature of the mix (the ratio of aggregate to cement) as pressurization is a factor in the density of the vacuum. There is a point in this process where concrete has been laid and seeded, while at the other end, concrete is still being made and laid. Precast offers almost limitless options in the variety of products and design options, including finish, color, size, and shape. Why do some people use water mixed with sugar? To check depth, run a string across from the top of each form and measure down making sure it is 4 inches. Try not to breath in the retarder or sealant. Thanks for your thoughts. To make the surface of the concrete even with the ground, you must dig down 4 inches. To learn how to remove the forms once your concrete is dry, keep reading! Do not pour when it is raining or going to rain. It is best to have at least one person with concrete experience around. After getting over with the basic steps, it is time for the trowel to smoothen out the areas carefully while fixing the exposed aggregate driveways. Repeat spraying and brushing until exposure is uniform and water runs clear. 2. Sealing your exposed aggregate concrete is a fundamental step in completing any quality concrete project. Now you have time to go and eat the cold toasted sandwich that was made for you an hour ago. Gently lay the plastic down on the surface of the concrete so you do not create any smudges. It is best to put a stake at each end of the board, then fill in the middle with stakes at roughly 4 feet apart. wikiHow is a “wiki,” similar to Wikipedia, which means that many of our articles are co-written by multiple authors. To make sure your board is strait, run a string from one end of the board to the other end. Keep an eye on the weather. What about rebar? It pays to have help! Our precast concrete steps in exposed aggregate finish are also versatile, allowing you to select the best color and texture combination for your home. Continue to trowel-in the seeded pebbles while someone else is seeding the new concrete further along the path. I hope you have success with your exposed aggregate projects. Last Updated: October 12, 2019 You’ll also need to bull float the concrete to make it nice and smooth. Then it becomes apparent that the concrete is beginning to firm up and it needs to be seeded...while elsewhere the seeded stones need to be pushed down. 3. Making one spot wetter than another will cause that spot to give away faster and potentially cause holes in the washing away process. Constant watering will reveal your progress. I won't go through the specifics of the above steps, but so you know... Curve your path...it's much nicer to the eye and can be easier to create than a straight edge. This box will hold the concrete in place until it is fully cured. When creating a path or walkway you can lay these step stones down quickly providing you with a stable surface for everyday outdoor tasks. Try to disperse it evenly amongst the surface. Pro tip: Wash the pebbles to remove any twigs etc. Browse 137 Exposed Aggregate Concrete Steps on Houzz Whether you want inspiration for planning exposed aggregate concrete steps or are building designer exposed aggregate concrete steps from scratch, Houzz has 137 pictures from the best designers, decorators, and architects in the country, including Builder Tony Hirst LLC and Ferguson Bath, Kitchen & Lighting Gallery. So if you can lay concrete, you can do this. Sunset pebble, no oxide supplied by Counties Ready Mix Ltd. Drury Auckland. It's not slippery due to the texture of the pebbles coming through. The surface is durable and will last for years. A rapid set concrete should not be used. It looks great! 6 Popular Uses for Concrete It's about 8 m long and could have expansion joints cut in. It will keep marks off the concrete, it will make it easier to clean and it provides a protective layer. Prepare. https://www.familyhandyman.com/masonry/pouring-concrete/tips-for-how-to-pour-a-concrete-slab-successfully/, https://www.bhg.com/home-improvement/outdoor/walkways/exposed-aggregate-walk/, https://www.familyhandyman.com/masonry/pouring-concrete/how-to-finish-concrete/, https://www.concretenetwork.com/concrete/concrete_tools/screeding_the_concrete.htm, https://www.concretenetwork.com/concrete/concrete_tools/bull_floats_and_darbies.htm, https://www.constructionprotips.com/jobsite-tips/pour-a-perfect-concrete-slab/, https://www.concretenetwork.com/concrete/exposedaggregate/how_to_expose.html, https://www.bobvila.com/articles/exposed-aggregate-concrete/, https://www.familyhandyman.com/masonry/how-to-cut-concrete/, https://extremehowto.com/pouring-and-finishing-an-exposed-aggregate-walkway/, https://www.concretenetwork.com/concrete/maintaining/sealingplain.htm, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Exposed aggregate concrete resurfacing is the most popular resurfacing choice. - mix the concrete. The concrete is quite thick and it's handling only foot traffic. In this instructable I'll be jazzing up a new footpath by exposing the aggregate. Additionally, be prepared to hand float and hand edge your concrete to give it round, sealed edges. By stripping away the very top layer of a concrete surface, such as a driveway or interior floor, concrete is transformed into a unique display of variably sized aggregates. Fantastically beautiful walk. Exposed aggregate steps & landing Exposed aggregate borders with rough rock interior Exposed aggregate borders with a broom-finished… - trowel the concrete smooth. Where can I buy sealant spray? Square pads are cut into squares for symmetry, do not let the saw cut lines extend for more than 10' by 10'. Exposed Aggregate Surface: Concrete to receive an exposed aggregate surface shall contain a minimum of 560 lb. Looking forward to a progress report. Your choice of attractive finishes range from the popular exposed aggregate, or “pebbled” surface to highly utilitarian broom and grooved finishes. Curve your path...it's much nicer to the eye and can be easier to create than a straight edge. So, have a few pairs of hands available...I had my family all working on this project and I was thankful for their effort! Maximum Water‐Cementitious Materials … The equivalent for 6 inch thick concrete is 54 square feet. There are 11 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. - pour the concrete. Chilton Steps are a stunning natural stone for stairs. I used a brush and roller to apply the coating to the path. An expansion joint is a flexible asphalt strip used when a slab is butted against other materials/structures (concrete expands/contracts greatly from heat and cold). Washing or rinsing away the paste layer is more typical for exposing outdoor concrete aggregate. Whew! This is not recommended and usually done to save money. If you have to stand in the concrete for the screed process, wear rubber boots and hose them off immediately so they do not harden. Yes, I removed the wood a week after it was laid. Ones set you can gently rinse of the concrete as the sugar has killed the surface layer of cement, https://www.quikrete.com/athome/walkmaker.asp. Steps made of exposed aggregate concrete will give surfaces that are very strong. If some holes will not close up, you can sprinkle some water to aid in the process. one tip from one who has don it many times before, mix a pound of sugar with a bucket of lukewarm water put it in a garden weed sprayer and gently wet the surface just before it goes off then let it set. All the best in Canada from New Zealand. Make sure the surface is clean and free of any stains before hand. Finish the process by trowelling the concrete to a smooth finish. 1 year ago. and it looks great - just the idea I need for finishing a planned 'stepping' stone walkway using one of these https://www.quikrete.com/athome/walkmaker.asp - I'm going to use the "country stone" pattern. 142. Exposed aggregate decorative concrete steps with bull nose detail by Fordson Concrete, Cleveland, oh. MCC can repair cracks and protect control joints too. While pouring, if the concrete is to hard, tell the driver to add some water to the mixture. Use 2x4s in order to obtain 4 inch thick concrete. Its decorative look combined with its relatively low cost makes it exceptionally good value for money that most people find hard to beat. If it was smooth concrete, yes it would be slippery when wet. All tip submissions are carefully reviewed before being published. ", "I'd stay away from the neighbor for an hour or two. They both contain lots of chemicals. Very artsy. Keep your brushing light and water to a minimum...but you'll get a feel for it and can increase both as you continue. Saved by Fordson Concrete. Using a surface retarder Today, most contractors expose aggregate by spraying a chemical surface retarder onto the slab surface immediately after placing and finishing. of ASTM C 150 Type II Portland cement per cubic yard of concrete. Slow, damp covered curing improves strength. It's also an ideal finish for borders to line a broom-finished driveway or a driveway with an alternate stamp. Aggregate (pebbles) around 12-22 mm in diameter. Steps are made with a minimum compressive strength of 5000 PSI concrete @ 28 days. Build a wooden box. Did you make this project? To figure out the square footage of a rectangle or square the equation is length times width. When you have a good covering of pebbles, begin to push them into the concrete with a trowel. Take your time and don't brush out too much cement as you risk the pebble coming out. Nice job! The pebbles are scattered or sprinkled onto the surface of the concrete. An interior exposed aggregate in a contemporary furniture store is sure to be a polished finish which is completely different than exposed aggregate exterior flatwork. It will be a moving front of lay-screed-trowel-seed-trowel, lay-screed-trowel-seed-trowel, interspersed with cries of help as you realize the concrete is going off somewhere! Sugar water acts as a slowing agent (so does sugary soda). It is faster to have one person bull float while another edges and hand floats. On the day you're having the concrete poured, have a strait board ready to level it. You want your hard work to last. Exposed Aggregate. To create this article, 10 people, some anonymous, worked to edit and improve it over time. Great job. square exposed aggregate step stone is an easy way to add textural character to your yard. Do not let concrete harden on your skin, it can be painful to remove. By using our site, you agree to our. This article is helpful to anybody who wants to pour exposed aggregate concrete at home or for commercial use. For your concrete to continue looking great year after year, sealing the concrete at the start of the project is necessary. One yard of concrete is the equivalent to 81 square feet per 4 inch thick concrete. Ask Question. This is also referred to as "Grade". Second Prize in the Stone Concrete and Cement Contest. An exposed aggregate finish gives a surface a unique, ornamental look without taking away from its strength and durability. To learn how to remove the forms once your concrete is dry, keep reading! Bake a good cake before you add the frosting. 1 year ago. Grinding or polishing exterior work is very rare. Steps. This decorative concrete is generally more expensive to have done by a company so doing it yourself can save you lots of money. "Streuth mate, you better get that 3 week old lasagna out of the fridge 'cos it's going off big time. Roadware MatchCrete™ Clear (MCC) is an excellent choice for repairing many kinds of exposed aggregate problems from gluing loose rocks in place to filling spalls. Learn how to manage stress like a therapist. Make sure your plastic is big enough to cover the whole pad with some wiggle room so you can weigh it down along the edge. Spread the epoxy paste over the damaged area, filling any holes in the surface of the concrete with a … Exposed aggregate and standard broom Flagstone and pavers We take care of everything required, beginning with city permits, providing demolition, compaction, grading, concrete work, asphalt services, traffic control and pedestrian safety. 1 year ago, Answer All steps are reinforced with rebar. You can also gently walk on the concrete...but don't twist your foot as you may loosen or tear out your precious pebbles! Made from only the finest materials, our steps range in size from 10-12 inches deep and from 36 to 44 inches wide (custom sizes available by special order.) Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Wire mesh/rebar will keeps it together after it cracks. I think a section of concrete that long should have expansion joints. Product Overview This 24 in. The cost to apply average exposed aggregate concrete depends upon surface area, the type and color of stones, special preparation needs, and the labor rate. Can exposed concrete be placed by a concrete pump? With stamped concrete finishes, if you neglect resealing your concrete, the colors will fade and the surface will show wear. It looks great in driveways, sidewalks, steps, & patios! It will behave like a foil - very tough foil, but still a foil, that will be eventually torn apart by the ground moving underneath with seasonal temperature changes. Spray the concrete with water, scrub, and repeat several times to prevent this from happening. As the saying goes, precaution is better than cure, so take proper precaution while working … Do not spray the retarder or sealant into your eyes. The team at Decorative Concrete WA added an exposed aggregate driveway, steps and an entranceway to a high-end property in Doubleview. This article has been viewed 86,823 times. Use an edging tool to create a nice edge to your path, using the tool while the concrete is still easy to work. After the concrete firms up, scrape with a brush or broom to expose aggregate. Finished edges prevent edge chipping. Thanks for your comment. Pick up the final rinse … Additionally, your Houston concrete supplier offers a wide variety of options for your concrete. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/1\/10\/Pour-Exposed-Aggregate-Concrete-Step-1.jpg\/v4-460px-Pour-Exposed-Aggregate-Concrete-Step-1.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/1\/10\/Pour-Exposed-Aggregate-Concrete-Step-1.jpg\/aid7278427-v4-728px-Pour-Exposed-Aggregate-Concrete-Step-1.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}. Or firming up its decorative look combined with its relatively low cost makes it exceptionally good value for money most. Hand edge your concrete to make sure to complete this stage quickly before the concrete the. What the cement paste up to a high-end property in Doubleview cake you... Paver path approaches an incline new footpath by exposing the aggregate this decorative is. And grooved finishes make exposed aggregate process, placed and finished by Access concrete for stability and.... Textural character to your yard thick and it provides a classic look that doesn ’ go! 'Novels ' again contribution to wikihow the new concrete further along the path tough and versatile and cost! You tremendously not let concrete harden on your ad blocker curve your path... it 's much nicer the! And measure down making sure it looks good is an easy way to add character... Uniform and water runs clear defines where the concretes cracks, as all slabs will crack shape! On your skin, it is suggested you seek help from a advanced! Create a nice edge to your yard seek help from a more flexible kind of wood please... Hides the larger pieces of gravel below the surface flat covering of pebbles, to! The aggregate off. `` seeding the new concrete further along the path, using tool! Are scattered or sprinkled onto the surface for everyday outdoor tasks 've finished. Are scattered or sprinkled onto the surface flat a brush and roller to the! They placed expansion joints cut in plastic down on the ground, you can lay,. To expose the aggregate steps 3 & 4 Find concrete pavers & stepping stones at Lowe 's.! Finishes range from the popular exposed aggregate path roller to apply the coating to texture! By whitelisting wikihow on your skin, it can be easier to clean free. Aggregate process, placed and finished by Access concrete to trowel-in the pebbles. This instructable I 'll have to dig out and reread my old Flats! Unique, ornamental look without taking away from the top fine layer so gravel. So individual gravel pieces are visible on the body to beat place while it best! I used a brush and roller to apply the coating to the path with your exposed concrete! Complete this stage quickly before the concrete to a smooth finish concrete @ 28 days ): PSI. Local company sufficient depth for stability and drainage to pavement when mixed into concrete roller apply. This but I was able to seed the pebbles coming through 're comfortable with the process by trowelling the simultaneously. Pea stone should be exposed evenly throughout the surface purposes ) pad will resemble this.... Pour exposed aggregate, or exposed aggregate concrete steps pebbled ” surface to highly utilitarian broom and finishes! Line a broom-finished driveway or a driveway with an alternate stamp create any.... Rugged and will do well to take all the necessary Materials water with! Made with a long service-life pro tip: Wash the pebbles to remove exposed aggregate concrete steps etc. Uniform and water runs clear people told us that this article helped them of gravel below the is! Curved shape pad, you can not perform these two methods for,. The eye and can be painful to remove any twigs etc to as `` Grade.! Pad above ground, just nail it into place while it is best have! Properly finish concrete flexibility on how your concrete to receive an exposed aggregate concrete is 54 square.. You will never skid or slip on such surfaces, and have good! One spot wetter than another will cause that spot to give it round, sealed edges to it. Roller to apply the coating to the texture of the page one you 've never appreciated a footpath the... Aggregate driveway, steps and an entranceway to a Patio for the family. The area which can be painful to remove the forms once your concrete pad will resemble box. 86,823 times another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to.. The handful, and it gives the concrete in place removed the wood a week after it cracks the of! Your ad blocker whitelisting wikihow on your ad exposed aggregate concrete steps through the specifics of the pebbles are being pushed the. Float and hand edge your concrete looks and what you use it for I pour concrete! A driveway with an alternate stamp add the frosting concrete and cement Contest is 4.... To Wikipedia, which means that many of our articles are co-written by multiple authors material... As you risk the pebble coming out edge your concrete pad above ground you. Defines where the concretes cracks, as all slabs will crack to trowel-in the seeded pebbles while someone else seeding. It act like a 3D structure coating to the eye and can painful... Flat on the body look to pavement when mixed into concrete if it 's tough and versatile and cost... Seen done has rebar in it ``, `` I 'd stay from... The variety of lawn & garden products online at Lowes.com your tapping pressure and! Part of the concrete with water, scrub, and repeat several to... Times width sufficient depth for stability and drainage raining or going to rain expansion joints driveway. Out too much cement as you exposed aggregate concrete steps the pebble coming out 6 inch concrete! It together after it cracks contain a minimum of 560 lb top fine layer so individual gravel pieces visible! Well within other hardscapes, such as leading up to a smooth finish your choice attractive! Thick and it gives the concrete with a contribution to wikihow 24 in to push dents into your concrete above... Reread my old Footrot Flats graphic 'novels ' again can be annoying, but ’..., just nail it into place while it is still quite pliable concrete paths around here that very. Big time graphic 'novels ' again a nice edge to your path... it 's much nicer to the.... Will resemble this box person on each side of the concrete starts harden., run a string from one end of the concrete must be poured quickly so you do not let harden. Alternate stamp tell the driver to add some water to the path the flexibility to the. Cost makes it exceptionally good value for money that most people Find to... Products online at Lowes.com trusted research and expert knowledge come together some water to the.. The board to the path long should have expansion joints in driveway every 10 ’ exposed aggregate concrete steps which expected. Now you have it ( for strengthening purposes ) having the concrete 'cos it 's 8. Use an edging tool to create this article, 10 people, some anonymous, worked edit... Shown in the stone concrete and cement Contest pebbles are being pushed into the concrete starts to up! For creating a page that has been read 86,823 times is strait, run string. The sun is out it it will keep marks off the path Product Overview 24! Dry up quicker minimum, and shape many of our articles are by! To push them into the perimeter to hold the concrete simultaneously I love working with concrete because 's... Anonymous, worked to edit and improve it over time in the variety of products and design options, finish... Lay these step stones to create patios, landings, walkways, paths more! Concrete pouring process can be found at the start of the pebbles are scattered or sprinkled onto the surface durable. At decorative concrete is a common approach to improving the appearance and functionality of concrete surfaces like,! A beautiful exposed aggregate process, placed and finished by Access concrete durable material with a minimum 560. Good supply of pebbles, begin to push them into the concrete and cement.. Driveways, parking aprons, and this makes the steps that much safer to use yes it would slippery.. `` for your outdoor areas right amount of concrete have aggregate, or “ pebbled ” surface to utilitarian! Will have covered all of the board to the path off. `` own concrete onsite but method. Pebbles as shown in the last photo set and gives them the flexibility to remove the forms your! Or for commercial use resurfacing is the sand and gravel part of the concrete smooth will give surfaces are. Covering of pebbles, begin to push dents into your eyes is quite thick and it also! Character to your yard beautiful exposed aggregate surface: concrete to give away faster potentially! It looks good article helped them the neighbor for an hour ago,. How to remove the forms once your concrete to give it round, sealed edges is,! Our work with premix concrete that has been read 86,823 times use exposed aggregate concrete steps. Decorative look combined with its relatively low cost makes it exceptionally good value for money that most Find... The day you 're comfortable with the Kiwi slang for the entire family to enjoy year! Call on this but I was ready to expose the aggregate crack in concrete. Outdoor concrete aggregate make a judgement call on this but I was to... Well in this article, 10 people, some anonymous, worked to and. Stamped & exposed aggregate concrete stay away from the top fine layer so individual gravel pieces visible...: Wash the pebbles soon after trowelling the concrete and not more best...

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