do we have to obey the law

On the one hand, Christians should obey the Old Testament law, but on the other hand, they should not. A common statement that is heard is that "Muslims have to obey the law of the land," and usually the "law of the land" refers to non-Muslim countries which neither base their … The two can come apart. So, the good impulse starts, perhaps, with a text like Matthew 5:17–18. He is author of. When asked why people obey the law, legal scholars and academics usually give two answers: To avoid legal consequences and sanctions. But the law has been put there for our own good. We are getting tired of all the laws we have to obey. But the moment that abstinence is invested with biblical authority as the path of obedience of maturity or salvation, a line is crossed that contradicts Christ and the gospel. Politics was once a gentlemanly affair with leadership spills a rare sight; but times have certainly changed, writes Emeritus Professor Rodney Tiffen in this extract from his book Disposable Leaders: Media and Leadership Coups from Menzies to Abbott. The reason for the ambiguity is because there are certain laws … If we start from the premise that when considering whether or not to obey the law, we conduct a rational assessment of the advantages and disadvantages of doing so, we might include in the advantages some sense of 'obligation' to obey, instilled in us during the process of socialisation. In other words, the bad impulse fails to see in Jesus the kind of fulfillment and the kind of accomplishment of the Law and the Prophets that God always intended in the Old Testament as the consummation and the end of the ceremonial laws. The question of the duty to obey the law is an old question and the subject of one of Plato’s most famous early Socratic dialogues. The Judicial Learning Center explains that the rule of law is designed to bond members of a society together and serve as a … At the state and local level, health departments have guidelines that restaurants follow for how to store and prepare food in a healthy manner, so that diners won’t get sick. Imagine a situation in which someone on your street mounts an impressive display of Christmas lights every year. - Acts 5:29 "As obedient children, do not be conformed to the passions of your former ignorance" - 1 Peter 1:14 "For this is the love of God, that we keep his commandments. They key issue here, as far as McManus’s claim is concerned, is whether or not the laws we are subject to are indeed constitutive of a reasonably just, mutually beneficial, collaborative society. Is it through birth, or through consent? And his commandments are not burdensome." The PM surely doesn’t believe we must always obey the state – he cut his teeth as a young lawyer challenging the British government’s attempt to ban Peter Wright’s Spycatcher in Australia. There are a variety of positions that might be taken concerning the question of whether or not there is a duty to obey the law. So the Prime Minister and his colleagues has overstated the case that in suggesting there might be times when disobeying unjust laws is justified, McManus is somehow advocating chaos. The fine line between obeying the law and not obeying it. The claim by Sally McManus, the new head of the ACTU, that when the law is unjust, ‘I don’t think there is a problem in breaking it’, returns us to a deep question in political philosophy: Why should I obey the law and the state more generally? The good impulse is the desire to obey God. There’s nothing wrong with that. We have laws to help provide for our general safety. Those theorists who find there is no general moral obligation to obey the law do not argue we should never obey the law, nor that there is never any moral reason to do as the law tells us. We have an obligation to obey the law, if we have an obligation to act in accordance with the law because the law commands it. The two can come apart. If you want to be justified — that is come into a right standing with God through law-keeping, rule-keeping, commandment-keeping — then you have got to keep it all. The Old Testament law was never intended by God to be the universal law for all people for all of time. . Now, there is the key text for our friend. Imposter syndrome can make us feel like frauds in the workplace — like we are never good enough and always about to be exposed. He said this: “There is nothing outside a person that by going into him can defile him, but the things that come out of a person are what defile him.” And when he had entered the house and left the people, his disciples asked him about the parable. There have always been groups of Christians who believe that in order to honor God’s authority in the Old Testament we must continue to obey the food laws and other ceremonial laws, lest we be found in disobedience. Then we'll look at three factors that might form the basis of an obligation to follow the law. What is the place of circumcision and days and months and years (Galatians 4:10)? In this Wireless Philosophy video, Matthew Chrisman (University of Edinburgh) explores the nature of our obligations to obey the law. These are perhaps the extreme cases. How can we respond? But it remains a critical issue too for contemporary politics, where people disagree vehemently about significant political, social and economic issues. And he said to them, “Then are you also without understanding? So the hard question is how we come to actually acquire political and legal obligations. I thought you said it doesn’t matter whether we have circumcision or not. It is a condition of genuine civil disobedience – as Martin Luther King so eloquently argued in his ‘Letter from a Birmingham Jail’ – that you must be willing to suffer the consequences of disobeying the law in the hope of transforming the views of your fellow citizens. Continue Reading. Philosophical anarchism, unlike political anarchism which holds that the state is illegitimate and should be overthrown, is the view that we don’t have obligation to obey the law, although we have good reasons to comply with it. Despite the wide application of defamation law, you have very limited recourse if you've been given a bad reference by an employer, writes Professor David Rolph. You didn’t consent to share in the burdens of doing so. The two can come apart. Paul says in Colossians 2:16–17, “Let no one pass judgment on you in questions of food or drink. You are free to eat or not to eat. On the other hand, a simple though experiment suggests it might also be too strong. Now Paul’s position in Galatians is that circumcision is of no effect. Before engaging with the substance of Rawls’ argument, the various ‘special features’ of the environment which fair play requires to operate can be attacked from a perspective of political anarchism, which does not necessarily presuppose the legitimacy of the state [2] . On the other hand, given the extraordinary powers of the state, the conditions under which I become obliged must surely be stronger then merely being a member of that society. Professor of Political Philosophy and Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Research), Professor Duncan Ivison, writes. I believe that this is why certain people, myself included, follow all laws … The moral obligation to obey the law, or as it is generally called, political obligation, is a moral requirement to obey the laws of one’s country. The bad impulse is the failure to obey Christ who teaches us how to obey God in regard to the Old Testament. Many political philosophers also think the same that there is a prima facie obligation to obey law However, all laws are not just. But do we have an obligation to obey those laws? Socrates was willing to die for the sake of his city. In fact, I think political obligations are a broader category of duties than strictly legal obligations. Why do people obey the law? And then he says, “ In Christ Jesus neither circumcision nor uncircumcision counts for anything” — in spite of the command in the Old Testament to be circumcised, it doesn’t count for anything — “but only faith working through love” (Galatians 5:6). In other words, the prohibition of certain foods as unclean was a temporary part of God’s way of making Israel distant or distinct from the nations of the world. If you want to be circumcised, you have got to keep the whole law. Even though we often interpret Romans 13 to mean we should “obey the laws of the land” or “obey the government,” what it actually says (and what I emphasized in the previous post) is that we should “be subject to” or “submit.” Though there is often overlap between submission and obedience, they are not the same thing. There is a gloriously robust literature in moral and political philosophy on the nature of political obligation and especially the argument from fair play. And the bad impulse neglects the words, I have come “to fulfill them,” and the words, “until all is accomplished.”. The purpose of the Old Testament law is to convict people of our inability to keep the law and point us to our need for Jesus Christ as Savior (Romans 7:7-9; Galatians 3:24). And so a general obligation to obey the law is grounded in the principle of fair play – doing your part to sustain a community you benefit from by others doing theirs. But you didn’t ask him to put up the lights. And that wasn’t the way he did it; namely, by sending everybody back to the laws of the Old Testament. Thanks for watching! The Importance Of Obeying The Law 1648 Words | 7 Pages. Returning to a deep question in political philosophy: Why should one obey the law and the state more generally? Since an individual gets most of its benefit and right from the state, therefore it should obey law for the welfare of state. You can have it or not have it. This is considered the economic or instrumental explanation. From this, it is clear that as long as the law of the land does not contradict the law of God, we are bound to obey the law of the land. And although he does not keep them all, pork is a big no-no for him.”. How can my not obeying the law in some particular circumstance really undo a large-scale society like Australia? Please consider supporting our ministry by becoming a monthly partner. This is … And none of us is without exception in that area. This debate continues to rage on the pages of political philosophy journals and blogs. When we do that, life changes instantly. Today we have a question from Wilmie, a listener. Abstract. Well, I believe that people obey the law for three major reasons; to avoid legal consequences, because they respect authority, and because they feel that it is morally right to do so. This generates the obligation to take on your fair share of the burdens of sustaining such a community. Most people in the world have no experience of lasting joy in their lives. A state expects its citizens to obey law so that it can function in a proper manner. So, we are free to eat pork, but Galatians 5:2 makes it stunningly clear what we are not free to do with pork. This question retains the structure of the traditional question, but it is at the same time simpler and clearer, and so easier to answer. God judges our hearts as well as our deeds, for it is in the heart that our real allegiance lies. Legal duty: The obligations people have put upon them by the law. The good impulse is the desire to obey God. They looked pious, but they were far from the Kingdom of Heaven. All ethnic groups stand condemned apart from Christ. Doesn’t that mean that, ultimately, political obligation is basically impossible? These exist at the local, state and national levels, and include things like: Laws about food safety. In fact, I think political obligations are a broader category of duties then strictly legal obligations. All of our resources exist to guide you toward everlasting joy in Jesus Christ. Philosophical anarchists are divided on whether or not we will ever have an obligation to obey the law. The howls of outrage from the Prime Minster and some of his colleagues about her claims, are part political theatre, but also hint at the challenges these questions raise for self-consciously liberal societies. And he could have just as easily said: Neither pork eating nor non-pork eating counts for anything, but only faith working through love. (Of course, for anarchists, this is a very welcome conclusion!). "But Peter and the apostles answered, “We must obey God rather than men." Martin Luther King was imprisoned and ultimately assassinated. What Paul means is: If you embrace circumcision (or pork eating) as a new law, a new necessity for justification — or, in the case of the Galatians, even a new necessity for ongoing, real, mature, spiritual, genuine Christian maturity — you are cutting yourself off from Christ. And all people from every ethnic group can be redeemed by the blood of the cross. To have a political obligation is to have a moral duty to obey the laws and support the institutions of one’s political community. We’re on a mission to change that. . Citizenship surely involves more than merely a transactional relationship with others in our community. Political obligations are broader than just legal obligations, Postgraduate research at the University of Sydney, Coronavirus (COVID-19) research and expertise, Fellowships for stroke prevention and mental health research. To have a political obligation is to have a moral duty to obey the laws and support the institutions of one’s political community. Human beings' inherent epistemic limitations mean that they must rely on the trial and error learning built into the common law process to discover rules that facilitate peaceful social interaction. Consider the parallel with a promise : I am under a moral obligation to return a borrowed book but that obligation can be overriden by the more important moral obligation to help a dying person. If I have constrained my freedom to be bound by the law, under the premise that others will do likewise, then it’s unfair if you choose to disobey the law whenever it inconveniences you. To have a political obligation is to have a moral duty to obey the laws and support the institutions of one’s political community. Jesus says, “Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them. You can read about it in 1 Corinthians 8 and 10 — how Paul went about wrestling with those issues. If we really don’t see our community as bound by laws that enable us to cooperate together in a mutually beneficial way, then it’s not clear that we have established a genuine political community in the first place. Here is what it says: “Look: I, Paul, say to you that if you accept circumcision, Christ will be of no advantage to you.” Whoa! For example, I might have a legal obligation to pay tax in a deeply corrupt state, but not necessarily a moral obligation to do so. Is it through birth, or through consent? We are to love God and love our neighbors. In fact, I think political obligations are a broader category of duties then strictly legal obligations. There have always been groups of Christians who believe that in order to honor God’s authority in the Old Testament we must continue to obey the food laws and other ceremonial laws, lest we be found in disobedience. First, there is the view that there is an absolute legal obligation to obey the law, one which holds that we ought always to obey the law no matter what because the law is the law and it ought always to be obeyed. And what are the conditions under which we might be ‘released’ from those obligations, if ever? Traditionally, this has been viewed as a requirement of a certain kind, to obey the law for the “content-independent” reason that it is the law, as opposed to the content of particular laws. Economists credit deterrence, saying that legal sanctions influence behavior, and sociologists point to legitimacy, the idea that people obey the law because they see it as a legitimate authority. So embedded in the Mosaic law is this principle that this is all or nothing, folks. So, the effort to hold on to the prohibition of eating pork is, in effect, a refusal to submit to God’s plan for the fulfillment of the Law in Jesus. Or, to return to a point I made above, don’t we have a general political obligation only if our political community in a broad sense is actually reasonably just? That belongs to what it means to be a Christian. With the coming of Christ, dramatic changes take place in the way God governs his people, because we are no longer a political-ethnic people like the Jews were, but a global people from every tribe and language and ethnicity and race. It’s not clear yet how far the ACTU would be willing to go. Obeying the law kind of makes the world safer. In the end, he decides he should not, mainly because he feels it would involve breaking the commitments and agreements he has made with his fellow citizens and the city that has done so much to nurture and shape him. But is that really a feasible standard for the imperfect world in which we live? One problem with this argument is that it might be too weak. It is intended to bring us to a point where we give up trying and instead depend on the Lord Jesus. Moral responsibility: The personal obligations people feel based on their beliefs about what is right and wrong. It's the obligation to obey the law that is central here to our investigation of the problem of political obligation. Everyone on the street enjoys the lights enormously. That is why we need to pay our income tax because otherwise, every man becomes a law unto himself and then we are facing a chaotic situation. So the hard question is how we come to actually acquire political and legal obligations. This essay argues that there can be a duty to obey the law when it is produced by the evolutionary forces at work in the customary and common law. Or do we have ‘n… John Piper is founder and teacher of desiringGod.org and chancellor of Bethlehem College & Seminary. - … There is a good impulse in this and a profoundly bad impulse in this. Jesus said something very specific about this in Mark 7:15–19. For example, I might have a legal obligation to pay tax in a deeply corrupt state, but not necessarily a moral obligation to do so. That is why we have a speed limit. This is what the dispute behind the book of Galatians is all about. Even if we obey partially (like the rich young ruler), there is always a weakness that brings us down. I’m from South Africa, and I would really like to know whether it is sinful for me to eat pork and bacon? Fair play requires a ‘just constitution’, a ‘constitutional democracy’ and ‘rules’ of a ‘just institution’ [3] . In the Crito, Socrates engages in an intense conversation with his followers about whether or not he should flee the city that has just condemned him to death. For truly, I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not an iota, not a dot, will pass from the Law until all is accomplished.” And the good impulse puts the emphasis on every dot, every iota of the law standing until the earth passes away. Do we have an obligation to obey the law? The Law proves to us that we are sinners. And nobody can do it. Let’s be specific now. As a civil libertarian he should know better. 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